AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF RESOURCES FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF SEXUALITY AND HIV/AIDS EDUCATION CONTENTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NSUKKA

AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF RESOURCES FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF SEXUALITY AND HIV/AIDS EDUCATION CONTENTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NSUKKA

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the extent of availability and utilization of resources for effective implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Junior Secondary School Social Studies curriculum in Nsukka Education Zone, Enugu State. The study adopted descriptive survey design. Five research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study consisted of 180 Social studies teachers, from fifty nine (59) Junior Secondary Schools in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State. A purposive and simple random sampling technique was used to select the entire teachers as the sample of the study. The instruments used for data collection were Checklist, Observational Schedule and Questionnaire. The instruments were validated by relevant experts in the field and their reliability co-efficients were ascertained. Data collected were analyzed using Percentages, mean and standard deviation while t-test of independent sample was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed among other things that radio, newspaper, posters, films and videos of HIV/AIDS patients, magazines and social studies textbooks are the instructional materials needed for effective implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Social curriculum. It was also shown that human resources (in terms of quality of Social studies teachers) that are teaching sexuality and HIV/AIDS contents in junior secondary schools are available (NCE, 69 (38.5%), B.ED, 61 (38.8%), M.ED, 8 (4.4%)). Significantly, it was equally shown that most of the needed instructional materials for teaching Sexuality and HIV/AIDS contents of Junior Secondary School Social studies were not available. Indeed, only charts, Pictorials, Newspapers and Textbooks were identified as the readily available instructional materials for the effective implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Social curriculum. The findings also revealed that teachers utilized to a very high extent available instructional materials such as charts, pictorials, newspapers, textbooks and photograph as well as HIV/AIDS patients in the implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of junior secondary school Social Studies curriculum. However, it was indicated that the dominant method of teaching Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Social Studies curriculum at junior secondary schools in Nsukka Education zone is lecture method.  The findings of the study also revealed that there is no significant difference in the mean rating of teachers with B.ED and NCE qualifications on the extent of utilization of recommended instructional methods for effective implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Social curriculum. Similarly, it has also shown that there is no significant difference in the mean rating of teachers with B.ED and NCE qualification on the extent of utilization of recommended instructional materials for effective implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Social Studies curriculum. Based on these findings, it was recommended among other things that there is urgent need to ensure that required resources are made available and utilized by the teachers for effective implementation of Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Education contents of Social Studies curriculum.