AWARENESS AND PERCEPTION OF ILISHAN REMO COMMUNITY MEMBERS ON CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

AWARENESS AND PERCEPTION OF ILISHAN REMO COMMUNITY MEMBERS ON CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease is a predominant and possibly rising disease across sub-Saharan Africa with threats that comprises both communicable and non-communicable diseases. About 20 per cent of deaths in Nigerian Hospitals are linked to kidney disease. Approximately about 50 per cent of patients do not recognize the origin of their kidney disease, because it was reported late in the hospital for treatment. The burden of CKD, in terms of human suffering and financial costs, is blowing up as we move through the years of the 21st century, making it a major public health concern. The general objective was to assess the awareness, attitude and perception of Ilishan-Remo community members on chronic kidney disease.

This research was a cross-sectional survey which was carried out among 407 members of Ilishan remo community, Ogun state, Nigeria. A semi-structured instrument (questionnaire) was used for data collection. The instrument had various sections based on the conceptual framework used for the study. Data collected were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21 with levels of significance set at 0.05.

There were 204 (50.1%) male and 203 (49.8%) female participants with a mean age of 29.14 ± 12.97. Overall, level of awareness of respondents on chronic kidney disease was given at 3.54 ± 1.39 (50.57%) indicating an average level which is deemed not enough. Overall, respondents’ attitude to chronic disease was good at 58.13% (8.72 ± 2.79). Overall perceived susceptibility of respondents to chronic kidney disease was determined to be low (8.64 ± 3.56) at 48% indicating respondents do not see themselves at risk of getting chronic kidney disease. Overall, respondents’ perceived severity of chronic kidney disease was good at 67.07% (10.06 ± 3.10). Overall perceived susceptibility of respondents to chronic kidney disease was determined to be low (8.64 ± 3.56) at 48% indicating respondents do not see themselves at risk of getting chronic kidney disease Overall perceived benefit of adopting chronic kidney disease-risk reduction lifestyle by respondents was good at 63.24% (13.28 ± 3.18), Overall, respondents’ perceived barrier to adopting chronic kidney disease-risk reduction lifestyle was given at above average at 55.58% (6.67 ± 2.76) indicating that difficulty in accessing care was not as pronounced, however, there is room for improvement.

Findings from this study indicated that awareness level of respondents on chronic kidney disease was average, Findings also suggested that attitude of respondents towards chronic was fairly positive. Also, it was found that respondents’ perceived susceptibility was low. In summary, this study showed that intervention towards increasing awareness needs to be focused more; relevant bodies need to organize and design an awareness program on chronic kidney disease, using all forms of media aimed at individuals with low education as findings from the study showed that individuals with lower education had low level of awareness.

Keywords: Awareness, Perception, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Ogun State