COMPUTER-AIDED INSTRUCTION COMPETENCIES POSSESSED BY BUSINESS EDUCATION TEACHERS FOR TEACHING FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TARABA STATE, NIGERIA

COMPUTER-AIDED INSTRUCTION COMPETENCIES POSSESSED BY BUSINESS EDUCATION TEACHERS FOR TEACHING FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TARABA STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Despite the advantages of using Computer Aided Instruction (CAI) in teaching and learning process, most business education teachers, especially in Taraba State rarely use this software in teaching financial accounting. This might be as a result of the teachers not possessing the required competencies to utilize CAI, and so this study intends to determine the CAI competencies possessed by business education teachers for teaching financial accounting in secondary schools in Taraba State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design and was conducted inTaraba State. The study answered the following six research questions: What are the CAI competencies possessed by business education teachers for teaching trial balance in senior secondary schools in Taraba State? Three null hypotheses guided the study: There is no significant difference in the mean responses of male and female teachers on the CAI competencies possessed for teaching financial accounts in senior secondary schools in Taraba State. The population for the study was 186 business education teachers in the 611 senior secondary schools found in Taraba State. Due to the manageable size of the population, no sampling and sample technique was used in the study. Therefore the entire 186 business education teachers in the 611 senior secondary schools found in Taraba State served as the sample for the study. A structured questionnaire containing 39 items on Business education teacher’s competency possessed on the use of CAI in teaching and learning financial accounting in senior secondary schools in Taraba State was used to elicit responses from respondents and generated data for the study. The questionnaire was subjected to face validation by three experts, with two in the Department of Vocational Teacher Education (Business Educatrion Unit) University of Nigeria, Nsukka,and one from the Department of Computer Mathematics, Taraba state University, Taraba. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument. The data collected for the study was analyzed using mean to answer the research questions and standard deviation to determine the closeness or otherwise of the responses from the mean, while t -test statistic was used to test the first two null hypotheses and Analysis of Variance statistic to test the last hypothesis of no significant difference at the probability of 0.05 level of significance at relevant degree of freedom with the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Findings were drawn from the analyses and based on the findings, conclusion and recommendations were made.