DETERMINANTS AND ADOPTION OF POINT OF SALES OF SELECTED BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

DETERMINANTS AND ADOPTION OF POINT OF SALES OF SELECTED BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Nigerian payment systems are cash-driven because cash is the main mode of payments for several transactions. However, the Point of Sales (POS) Systems which is meant to encourage cashless economy as against the cash-centered operations is challenged with inadequate infrastructure such as network connectivity, lack of constant power supply systems, inadequate Internet, insufficient hardware and software needed to run POS, limited bandwidth for data passage, security issues, lack of trust, inadequate customer education and insufficient motivation to adopt POS. This study investigated determinants and adoption of Point of Sales of selected business organisations in the banking, Oil and Gas, retail and airline sectors of Lagos State.

The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design. The population of the study consisted of individual SMEs who are users of POS in the selected sectors and business organisations in Lagos State with population figure of 11,663 and sample size of 2,059. The respondents were randomly sampled from the selected organisations where the data were collected. A validated questionnaire was used. A total of 2,059 copies of the questionnaire were administered, with a response rate of 77.1%. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the constructs ranged from 0.719 to 0.810. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential (Pearson Product Moment correlation and Regression) statistics.

The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between availability of infrastructure and Adoption of POS (r=0.349; p < 0.01), POS security and Adoption of POS (r = .437; p < 0.01), Customer trust and Adoption of POS (r = 0.373; p < 0.01), Customer education and Adoption of POS (r = 0.477; p <0.01), and Customer Motivation and Adoption of POS (r = 0.399; p < 0.01), Model summary of the regression showed the effect of independent variable on adoption of POS. The value 0.733 (73.3%) obtained from R2 suggested that the variance obtained from the adoption of POS can be explained by the identified variables, which are availability of infrastructure, POS security, customer trust, customer education and customer motivation.

The study concluded that availability of infrastructure; POS security; customer trust; customer education and customer motivation had significant and positive relationship with adoption of POS in the selected business organisations who are SMEs in Lagos State Nigeria. The study thus recommended that stakeholders should ensure that infrastructure; POS security; Customer trust; Customer education; and Customer motivation are in place to enhance the adoption of POS in selected business organisations in Nigeria.

Keywords: POS security, Customer trust, Customer education, Customer motivation, Adoption of POS.