EXTENT OF UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING OF GOVERNMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE

EXTENT OF UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING OF GOVERNMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE

ABSTRACT

The study sought to determine the extent of utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching of government in senior secondary schools in Awka education zone, Anambra State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. To carry out the study, six research questions and six null hypotheses were formulated. The instruments used in gathering data for this study are Checklist on Available ICT Facilities for Teaching Government (CAICTFTG) and a structured questionnaire entitled Extent of Teachers’ Utilization of Information Communication Technology Questionnaire (ETUICTQ). The instruments (CAICTFTG and ETUICTQ) were trial tested on 30 research subjects from schools other than the ones sampled for the study. The reliability of the instruments was determined using Cronbach Alpha statistics and overall reliability index of 0.81 was obtained which was high enough for the study. The population of the study comprised all the one thousand, seven hundred and ninety-nine (1,799) teachers in Awka Education Zone. Multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the sampling through the use of stratified, proportionate and simple random techniques. In order to collect data, the researcher with the help of two research assistants made personal visits to the sampled public secondary schools. This was to guarantee maximum return of the instrument for analysis. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the six research questions. On the other hand t-test was used to test the null hypotheses 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6; ANOVA was used to test null hypothesis 4 respectively at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the findings indicate among others that ICT facilities for teaching of Government in senior secondary schools in Awka Education zone are available to a low extent, although computers are available to a high extent; ICT facilities are utilized to a low extent in teaching of Government in senior secondary schools in Awka Education zone. There is no significant difference in the mean ratings of male and female teachers pron the current ICT facilities available for teaching of Government in senior secondary schools in Awka Education zone. It was concluded among others that adequate provision of ICT facilities by the government and other stake holders in education could facilitate ICT utilization for effective teaching of Government as a subject in senior secondary schools.