FAMILY FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOURS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN AWGU EDUCATION ZONE OF ENUGU STATE
This study examined family factors as determinants of deviant behaviours among primary school pupils in Awgu Education Zone of Enugu State. To guide the study, seven research questions were posed and five hypotheses formulated. The study adopted correlational research design. The population of the study comprised of all the public primary six pupils in Awgu Education Zone of Enugu State. The population of the study was four thousand six hundred and four 4,604 primary six pupils in the education zone out of which 821 pupils were drawn as sample for the study. A questionnaire was used as instrument for the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions one, six and seven, while Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was used to answer research questions two, three, four and five. Regression analysis was used to test hypotheses one, two, three and four, while ANOVA was used to text hypotheses five. The major findings of the study revealed that primary school pupils exhibited 12 out of 15 types of deviant behaviours such as indulging in exam malpractice, not devoted to studies, Bullying weaker pupils, fighting among pupils, lateness to school, and keeping bad friends among others as identified. It also showed that authoritarian family leadership style had a significant relationship on primary school pupil’s deviant behaviour. Again it was discovered that authoritative family leadership style also called assertive, democratic or balance family leadership style had significant relationship on pupil’s deviant behaviour negatively. Moreover permissive family leadership style had also shown a significant relationship on primary school pupils’ deviant behaviour. The result also indicated that neglectful family leadership style had significant relationship on primary school pupils’ deviant behaviour. Furthermore, the result showed that family size had a significant influence on deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils in Awgu Education Zone of Enugu state. It was also discovered that all the thirteen (13) strategies such as organizing orientation or public enlightenment programmes through parents-Teachers-Association meeting to educate parents on good parental child rearing practices, assigning functions to children that exhibit deviant behaviours to keep them focus on worthwhile activities, Rewarding and praising children who have good behaviour, and assigning models to role play by pupils with deviant behaviours as identified by the researcher can be used to curb deviant behaviours among primary school pupils. These results were discussed in relation to previous findings of similar studies and the educational implications of the findings were highlighted. Also recommendations were made based on family factors as determinants of deviant behaviours among pupils and the limitations of the study and suggestions for further studies were also pointed out.