INFLUENCE OF PSYCHOTHERAPY AND GENDER ON DEPRESSION

INFLUENCE OF PSYCHOTHERAPY AND GENDER ON DEPRESSION

ABSTRACT

This study centered on influence of psychotherapy and gender on depression. 60 participants were used in the study (30 males and 30 females). 15 of the males and 15 of the females were administered only positive self-talk and 15 participants of the female, and 15 of the males were administered exercise and positive self-talk. 30 participant of the male and 30 participant of the female were administered only exercise. The participants where drawn from student of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Beck Depression Inventory and self rating depression scale of Williams (1965) which was later re-validated by Obiorah (1995) were used in the study. 3-way ANOVA were also used in the study to test three hypotheses. The first hypothesis stated that there will be a significant difference on the effect of exercise in combination with positive self-talk on depression than exercise alone.

The second hypothesis stated that there will be a significant difference between males and females on the influence of psychotherapy on depression.

The third hypothesis states that there will be a significant difference on those administered high exercise than those administered low exercise on reducing of depression. The researcher concludes that there is no significant difference on the effect of exercise in combination with positive self talk on depression than exercise alone. The researcher also concludes that those administered high exercise will have a significant increase in reducing depression than those administered low exercise. The implication and recommendation where made for further study.