INNOVATION PROCESSES AND PRACTICES IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ANAMBRA STATE OF NIGERIA
This study “innovation process and practices in construction industry in Anambra State of Nigeria” examined and assessed the level of innovation in the construction industry. An analysis of the relevant literatures was carried out. The analysis revealed that there are innovation drivers that facilitate or inhibit innovation in the construction industry. These include clients, manufacturers, professional bodies, academic institutions, government, consultants and contractors. The literature review shows that attention to these key influences would be a key component of effective innovation strategy. A field survey was carried out to actually ascertain how innovation has fared in the construction industry. Variables were drawn from the literature review and the data generated were analysed using simple percentages (&) and mean scores. The responses from the respondents revealed that the construction industry in Anambra State has really not effected acceptable level of innovative processes and practices. Patnering / collaboration is not practiced and encouraged. Also the unhealthy rivalry and disharmony that often exist among construction professionals, inhibits innovation practices. The building code which itself is an innovation lacks an appropriate legislation for its enforcement. The study recommends that professional bodies, the academia and indeed all stakeholders in the construction industry need to intensify effort towards innovative processes and practices. Government should in particular encourage indigenous construction firms through the award of contract that require high technical experience such as high rise building and bridge construction. Efforts should be made by the relevant government agencies or authorities to enforce the building code through appropriate legislation.
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