ISOLATION, PARTIAL PURIFICATION AND STABILITY STUDIES OF MANGANESE PEROXIDASE FROM WHITE ROT BASODIOMYCETES, Pleurotus tuber-Regium
Manganese peroxidase (MnP) enzyme is the most common lignin-modifying peroxidase produced by almost all wood-colonizing basidiomycetes causing white-rot and various soil-colonizing litter-decomposing fungi. Multiple forms of this glycosylated haeme protein with molecular weight normally at 40 to 50 kDa are secreted by ligninolytic fungi into their micro-environment. In the present study, a ligninolytic fungus was able to produce manganese peroxidase. The organism was identified as Pleurotus tuber-regium. Parameter such as pH, temperature, carbon source, nitrogen source wereassayed and characterized for better production of manganese peroxidase. The mass production of the enzyme was carried out using optimized conditions and the activity and specific activity was found to be 1.50U/ml and 0.76U/mg, respectively. Seventy percent ammonium sulphate precipitation was found suitable to precipitate protein with higher peroxidase activity. After ammonium sulphate precipitation, the specific activity was found to be 0.77U/mg. After gel filtration, two peaks were obtained with specific activities 2.75U/mg and 2.09U/mg specifically for peak A and B. The optimum pH for the two peaks were 4.5 and 5.0, respectively with optimum temperature of 40oC. The pH and temperature stability studies showed that the purified enzyme had a residual activity within the range of 80 to 70% after pre-incubation for 120 min for pH of 4.5 and temperature of 40oC.The kinetic parameters, maximum velocity (Vmax) and Michaelis Menten constant(Km)obtained from Lineweaver-Burk plot of initial velocity data and V0 at different substrate concentrations [S] were found to be 0.08mg/ml and 0.69µmol/min, respectively using H2O2 as substrate for peak A. After using phenol red, Km and Vmax were 0.08mg/ml and 1.49µml/min. More so, for peak B, Km and Vmax were 0.18mg/ml and 0.96µmol/min using H2O2 as substrate while 0.08mg/ml and 1.46µmol/min were obtained using phenol red as substrate, respectively.