MOTIVATION, PERSONALITY AND CULTURAL ATTRIBUTION OF CAUSALITY AS FACTORS IN SENSE OF HOME SAFETY AMONG STAFF OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA
The study used a cross-sectional design and hierarchical multiple linear regression, including Heyes Mediation Analysis, to examine motivation, personality and cultural attribution of causality in home safety behaviour among 957 teaching and non-teaching staff (57.2% male; 42.8% female) of University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Participants selected by simple random sampling and volunteer sampling methods, were administered the Global Motivation Scale–GMS-28 (Guay et. al., 1999), The Big-Five Personality Inventory (John & Srivastava, 1991), Cultural Attribution of Causality Scale (CACS) and Proactive Home-Safety Behaviour Scale (PHSBS). Three factors of motivation, five factors of personality and cultural attribution of causality were hypothetically tested as factors in PHSB. According to the results, motivation significantly predicted PHSB internal and external cues though; extrinsic motivation was not significant with internal cues of PHSB. Personality factors showed significant predictive relationship with PHSB cues. CAC did show a significant predictive correlation with PHSB internal (R2 = .01, F = 7.48, p < .01) and External (R2 = .01, F = 6.93, p < .01) cues. Age, educational qualifications, personality factors (extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and CAC mediated between intrinsic motivation and PHSB external cues. With openness, the relationship between extrinsic motivation and PHSB external cues was mediated alongside other factors in the mediation relationship between intrinsic motivation and PHSB external cues. Personality factors (conscientiousness and openness) mediated between amotivation and PHSB internal cues. In conclusion, motivation, personality and CAC predicted PHSB. However, personality, CAC, age and educational qualifications mediated between intrinsic or extrinsic motivation and PHSB external cues. Whereas conscientiousness and openness mediated the relationship between a motivation and PHSB internal cues. Implications, limitations and recommendations were made.
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