PLATO’S REPUBLIC AND THE NIGERIAN POLITY

PLATO’S REPUBLIC AND THE NIGERIAN POLITY

ABSTRACT

The potentials of Nigeria have not been realized, essentially because she had been governed by people who are not guided by any well-tested political theories. Political science today, with numerous speculations, appears to be leaving political theory behind; whereas it is in it that the salvation of our country may lie. Hence, the effort in this thesis to explore the theoretical basis for the rapid development of the country and may be extracting from Plato a theoretical guide for today and the future. The present Western civilization is not only an extension, but also remains a practical substantiation of the general theories developed and the practical issues raised in the village democracies or city states of Plato’s ancient Greece. What the present Nigeria needs most is rapid development together with justice in the state and society. This is why we have chosen the ancient Greek period. This study was organized in four chapters and each chapter treats a particular theme which centres on a particular problem or issue. The first chapter, the introduction, defined the problems, the objectives, the significance and scope of the study; chapter two treated literature review; chapter three dealt with the research procedure: the framework of analysis, the class struggle theory, the historical methodological approach. The major theories of Plato were discussed in the subsequent chapter, while the commentaries and the political development in Nigeria followed in chapter five. Finally, the tested hypotheses or answers to the problematic were treated in chapter six. The conclusion and recommendations are made that Plato and his theories are still relevant to the Nigerian polity.