PREVALENCE OF GASTROINTESTINAL ROTA VIRUS INFECTION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN YENEGOA, BAYELSA STATE

PREVALENCE OF GASTROINTESTINAL ROTA VIRUS INFECTION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN YENEGOA, BAYELSA STATE

ABSTRACT

The daily increasing of HIV and rotavirus infection in Nigeria has become a public health concern. Gastrointestinal rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children (0-10 years) and immune compromised individuals. A total of 200 participants (100 HIV rapid test, and Enzymes Link Immuno Assay (ELISA) were used for detection of rotavirus antigen. Out of 200 individuals (100 males and 100 females) screened for both HIV and rotavirus infections a total of 100 were positive to HIV while 38 were positive to rotavirus infection. Among the 100 HIV negative individuals screened, 5(5%) tested positive to rotavirus infection while 95(95%) were negative. Similarity, out of the 100 HIV positive cases screened, rotavirus infection were observed in 33% of cases as follows, age group 0-10 (18(18%), 11-20(0%), 21-30 (5%), 31-40 (6%), 41-50 (2%), 50 and above (2%). Of the 100 females screened, 23 were positive and 85 negative to rotavirus infection. There was positive association between HIV and rotavirus infection at P>0.05; a significant positive correlation was established between those singly infected with diarrhoea and HIV infected individuals. The attributable risk was statistically determined to be 8.9 at 95% confidence level. This underscores the significant of HIV infection and demographic characteristics as important risk factors to rotavirus infection, and further indicate the importance of incorporation of rotavirus diagnosis in management of HIV.