This study examined recruitment and selection policy and organizational effectiveness using Anambra State Civil Service as a case study; its objective is to; examine the extent to which the recruitment and selection policy has impacted on the productivity of Anambra State Civil Service and to determine the factors hindering the recruitment and selection policy in SAnambra State Civil Service. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested using mean, standard deviation; one-sample t-test and percentage were applied for data analysis. The study found out that recruitment and selection policy has impacted on the productivity of Anambra State Civil Service. The recruitment and selection strategies have standard procedures for using them. It recommended amongst other things that recruitment and selection into the civil service commission in Anambra State should be base on merit in other to enhance productivity in the commission.