THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL TYPE AND PERCEIVED JOB CHARACTERISTICS ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR OF WORKERS IN ANAMBRA STATE

THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL TYPE AND PERCEIVED JOB CHARACTERISTICS ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR OF WORKERS IN ANAMBRA STATE

ABSTRACT

The study described the influence of organizational type of perceived job characteristics on organizational citizenship behaviour of workers in Anambra State. A total of 250 participants were used in public and organized private sectors respectively. Job characteristics scale (Hackman & Oldham, 1975) and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour scale (Lee & Allen, 2002) were used. Findings suggested that (i) there was no significant relationship between organized private and public sector employees on the manifestation of citizenship behaviour F (1, 247) = .01, p< .91; (ii) there was a positive significant relationship between job characteristics of employees and OCB (r = 0.19, p<.01); (iii) on job characteristics for all employees only skill variety (B= .18, t = 2.53, p<.01) made positive and significant relationship to OCB; (iv) testing for OCB on job characteristics for organized private employee there was a significant change in variance in OCB F (10, 112) = 2.14, p< .02; R= .40, R2 = .16; (v)  testing for OCB on job characteristic for public employee, job characteristics accounted for near significant variance on OCB with F (9, 112) = 1.84, p< .06; R= .36, R2 = 13. The findings of the study were important in that it supported some existing theories and advanced the course of knowledge.